By Richard A. Lanham
The 1st variation of this wide-spread paintings has been reprinted many occasions over 20 years. With a distinct blend of alphabetical and descriptive lists, it offers in a single handy, available quantity the entire rhetorical phrases - generally Greek and Latin - that scholars of Western literature and rhetoric tend to encounter of their interpreting or to discover valuable of their writing. Now the second one variation bargains new positive aspects that would make it nonetheless extra useful:A thoroughly revised alphabetical directory that defines approximately 1,000 phrases utilized by students of formal rhetoric from classical Greece to the current day.A revised process of cross-references among terms.Many new examples and new, prolonged entries for valuable terms.A revised Terms-by-Type directory to determine unknown terms.A new typographical layout for simpler entry.
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Extra info for A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms
These Inartificial Proofs were thought to be given to the orator, and so no training was provided in how to develop them. The true test of the orator was his skill in devising artificial proofs, those developed by the principles of rhetoric itself. Artificial proofs amount to what we would call the interpretation an orator puts on the "inartificial" proofs or evidence. Thus we would not, properly speaking, consider artificial proofs as "proofs" at all. Both kinds of proof were of course present in every case, but we emphasize the evidence as primary, the interpretation as following from it.
3-9 is part of a discussion of amplificatio; incrementum is one of four kinds, along with Comparatio, Ratiocinatio, and Congeries. Following this, some theorists have used auxesis either as a simple synonym for amplificatio of all sorts or as a synonym for incrementum alone. It seems a little confusing — though hardly unprecedented — to use a term to mean both a general category and a subdivision thereof. In a simpler, gentler world, might we get by with two terms, one for a climactic series (auxesis?
Hotspur's dying breath provides an authentic instance of inability to continue: Hotspur. O, I could prophesy, But that the earthy and cold hand of death Lies on my tongue. No, Percy, thou art dust, And food for — Prince. For worms, brave Percy. " Apostrophe (G. "turning away") — Aversio; Turne Tale. Breaking off a discourse to address some person or personified thing either present or absent. Soul of the age! The applause! delight! the wonder of our stage! My Shakespeare rise. (Ben Jonson) See also Ecphonesis.
A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms by Richard A. Lanham