Read e-book online Achievements of The European Community First Energy R & D PDF

By J.T. McMullan

ISBN-10: 9024725119

ISBN-13: 9789024725113

ISBN-10: 9400983174

ISBN-13: 9789400983175

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Palz and P. Chartier, Applied Science Publishers, London 1980). 3. A number of small devices to study the chemical and other operating conditions of anaerobic methane digesters have been built. 4. Units for direct gasification at temperatures about 1OOO°C have been built for studying this possibility. In particular a gasification plant of about 1MW output has been constructed. 5. A number of successful studies of catch crops, sylviculture and algae culture have been completed. For example, short rotation forestry on various types of peat soil conditions has been carried out in Ireland so successfully that it has now become an EEC Demonstration project.

A technique was established for producing a test reference year data set including at least dry bulb temperature, global, diffuse and direct normal radiation, wind velocity, with humidity, cloud cover, cloud types and wind direction being included if possible. A test reference year is a collection of as much as possible ofthe above weather data, arranged as sets of simultaneous readings taken at hourly intervals (8760 data sets) and chosen so that each month in the data set is typical of the location.

In the Community, the utilisation of geothermal energy has been limited in the past to two countries: Italy and France. In Italy, steam fields have been exploited for the production of 350MW of electricity (423MW installed capacity), while in France, hot water sources in the Paris and Aquitaine Basin have been developed for the production of 26MW of heat for space heating. The aims of the Community R&D effort were to build on this base, to determine the possibilities of future wider application, and to improve exploration and utilisation techniques.

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Achievements of The European Community First Energy R & D Programme by J.T. McMullan


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