By Gennady I. Belchansky
Lively (imaging radar) and passive (radiometer) microwave structures are more and more used for Arctic ecological learn. regrettably, formerly ecologists drawn to distant sensing usually lacked entry to the whole suite of actual and analytical concepts of microwave structures, information processing, and ecological functions simply because an appropriate reference publication didn't exist. Arctic Ecological learn from Microwave satellite tv for pc Observations solutions this call for via summarizing the most microwave satellite tv for pc purposes for Arctic ecological examine. This ebook is beneficial to experts with a heritage in microwave innovations, in addition to to different ecologists attracted to functions of microwave energetic and passive distant sensing for tundra, boreal woodland, and Arctic sea-ice habitat and marine mammal reports. It provides a quick creation to Arctic ecological difficulties, the position of satellite tv for pc sensing for tracking Arctic ecosystems, and similar info processing functions. the amount then examines result of Arctic sea-ice habitat stories utilizing OKEAN-01 satellite tv for pc info, then presents a comparative research of multisensor satellite tv for pc tracking of habitat utilizing OKEAN-01, SSM/I and AVHRR satellite tv for pc tools. It additionally describes the overview of relative details content material of ALMAZ-1, ERS-1, JERS-1 SAR, and Landsat-TM facts for determining rainy tundra habitats. The booklet concludes with result of delicate boreal woodland sort detection to watch capability affects of weather switch on boreal wooded area constitution.
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Extra info for Arctic Ecological Research from Microwave Satellite Observations
When it hits an object with different properties. For example, a radar signal is often transmitted through cold, dry snow. If the signal then hits a patch of smooth ice under the snow, it will reflect back up through the snow. The reflected signal can hit small rocks or denser ice pockets in the overlying snow and bounce yet again. This reflection is complex (combination of transmission, reflection and scattering). Microwave radiometers operate in the low-energy region of the radiant emittance from terrestrial features in much the same manner as thermal radiometers.
Belchansky. p. cm. ). ISBN 0-415-26965-2 (alk. paper) 1. Ecology--Research--Arctic regions. 2. Microwave remote sensing--Arctic regions. I. Title. 0911’3–dc22 2003065517 This book contains information obtained from authentic and highly regarded sources. Reprinted material is quoted with permission, and sources are indicated. A wide variety of references are listed. Reasonable efforts have been made to publish reliable data and information, but the author and the publisher cannot assume responsibility for the validity of all materials or for the consequences of their use.
Specific permission must be obtained in writing from CRC Press LLC for such copying. W. , Boca Raton, Florida 33431. Trademark Notice: Product or corporate names may be trademarks or registered trademarks, and are used only for identification and explanation, without intent to infringe. S. Government works ISBN 0-203-00886-3 Master e-book ISBN ISBN - (OEB Format) International Standard Book Number 0-415-26965-2 (Print Edition) Library of Congress Card Number 2003065517 Printed on acid-free paper Page v PREFACE Active (imaging radar) and passive (radiometer) microwave satellite systems are increasingly widely used in diverse fields of Arctic ecological research.
Arctic Ecological Research from Microwave Satellite Observations by Gennady I. Belchansky