By James A. Walker
The articles during this edited quantity characterize a number techniques to learning the position of verbal point in grammatical edition. matters addressed contain: defining the variable context; operationalizing aspectual differences as components conditioning linguistic version; and the ideal variety of aspectual differences and degrees. except bringing to gentle a variety of methodological and analytical matters, this quantity gathers jointly a distinct number of unique learn, in keeping with spoken- and written-language corpora, of an array of languages and linguistic types: African American. Read more...
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Extra resources for Aspect in grammatical variation
Since the variable context is defined aspectually, I begin by defining terms such as ‘progressive’, ‘durative’ and ‘iterative’, as well as broader concepts such as ‘imperfective’ and ‘perfective’, before addressing specific methodological problems. 1 Progressive, durative and iterative In BP, EG is commonly referred to as the progressive construction (as are the equivalent forms in other Romance languages and in English) (cf. Boléo 1936; Castilho 1968, 1984, 2000; Costa 1976; Dietrich 1973). The notion of progression can be prototypically illustrated by an event, action or state of affairs that is continuous or ongoing at the moment of utterance, as demonstrated in the examples in (1), taken from conversational BP.
The Spanish cases discussed by Schwenter & Torres Cacoullos, this volume). Because this second evolutionary path is unique to Portuguese, in this section I focus on the diachronic shift of TP. In contrast with equivalent forms, such as the French passé composé (cf. Herslund, Mordrup & Sorensen 1983; De Kock 1991) and the Spanish perfecto compuesto (cf. Harris 1982; Howe & Schwenter 2003), TP cannot be used to express simple past, as shown in (4). Furthermore, unlike the English present perfect, TP cannot be used to refer to the present result of an anterior action or process, as shown in (5).
However, as the historical examples in (8) show, this has not always been the case (cf. Mendes 2006). (8) a. Tenho-lhe escrito uma carta sobre a moderação das escomunhões. i-have-you written a letter about the moderation of-the excommunications ‘I’ve written a letter to you on the moderation of excommunications’. (Friar Luís de Sousa, in A vida de Frei Bartolomeu dos Mártires (p. 77), 16th century) b. ’ (Manuel Bernardes, in Nova Floresta (pp. 70–71), 17th century) c. Tenho-vos descoberta a maranha.
Aspect in grammatical variation by James A. Walker