By Robert Sharman, Todd Lane
Anyone who has skilled turbulence in flight understands that it is often no longer friendly, and should ask yourself why this can be so tough to prevent. The booklet contains papers via a number of aviation turbulence researchers and gives history into the character and motives of atmospheric turbulence that have an effect on plane movement, and includes surveys of the most recent strategies for distant and in situ sensing and forecasting of the turbulence phenomenon. It presents updates at the cutting-edge learn due to the fact previous experiences within the Sixties on clear-air turbulence, explains fresh new knowing into turbulence iteration through thunderstorms, and summarizes destiny demanding situations in turbulence prediction and avoidance.
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Additional resources for Aviation Turbulence: Processes, Detection, Prediction
Turbulence: A New Perspective for Pilots. : The effects of terrain shape on nonlinear hydrostatic mountain waves. J. Fluid Mech. : Stratospheric mixing estimated from high-altitude turbulence measurements. J. Appl. Meteorol. 13(4), 488–493 (1974). : Can the atmospheric kinetic energy spectrum be explained by two-dimensional turbulence? J. Fluid Mech. : Horizontal wavenumber spectra of vertical vorticity and horizontal divergence in the upper troposphere and lower stratosphere. J. Atmos. Sci. : Exploring and improving access to high vertical resolution radiosonde data.
Although radar-based techniques are useful for real-time turbulence assessment and avoidance, their utility is limited spatially to regions of cloud containing sufficiently high reflectivity for reliable EDR estimates and temporally to just a few minutes because of the highly transient nature of CIT. One interesting outcome of NTDA studies is that regions of high reflectivity do not always correlate well with regions of enhanced turbulence; in particular, regions of quite low reflectivity are sometimes associated with moderate or even severe turbulence.
J. Atmos. Sci. : On the effects of moisture on the Brunt-Va¨isa¨la¨ frequency. J. Atmos. Sci. : Clear-air turbulence, aviation, and atmospheric science. Rev. Geophys. Space Phys. 9, 613–657 (1971). : Clear air turbulence: a mystery may be unfolding. : Probability forecasts of clear-air turbulence based on numerical output. Meteorol. Mag. : A decision tree approach to clear air turbulence analysis using satellite and upper air data. NOAA Technical Memorandum NESDIS 23. Satellite Applications Laboratory, Washington, DC (1989) 26 R.
Aviation Turbulence: Processes, Detection, Prediction by Robert Sharman, Todd Lane