By Jacky Law
Final 12 months the pharmaceutical had revenues in far more than $300 billion. essentially a technique or one other all of us pay — no matter if we purchase the medicine at once or via taxation. yet is it much less transparent that we're getting worth for funds? in a single of the 1st self sufficient investigations of the fashionable healthcare procedure, Jacky legislation exhibits how a small variety of organizations have come to dominate the healthcare time table in Britain and the USA. She unearths a procedure within which the relentless pursuit of revenue is crowding out the general public sturdy. potent regulators are below excessive strain from company lobbies, and corporations spend extra money on advertising and marketing than they spend on examine and improvement. in the meantime the price of new medications rises relentlessly whereas the variety of unique new items declines. All isn't good with sleek medication. In what's either a prognosis and a process remedy, the writer finds an international the place marketplace issues, no longer clinical desire, are choosing the study schedule. She issues to a destiny the place the general public and the clinical career once more have a voice within the form of healthcare we'd like — and the healthcare we pay for.
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Additional info for Big Pharma: Exposing the Global Healthcare Agenda
The result is shown in appendix. For the double photon absorption processes with 2 ml , by rotation wave approximation, the probability amplitude and transition probability in unit time are individually Retarded Electromagnetic Interaction and Symmetry Violation of Time Reversal in High Order Stimulated Radiation and Absorption Processes of Lights as Well as Nonlinear Optics ... am t 2 i 2 ml t 1 4Fˆ Fˆ Fˆ ˆ ˆ e 1ml 1ll 1mm F1ll F1ll 2 2 ml 2ml 3 ml W2 3 ml 2 2 ˆ 2 4 1 4 Al ˆ F F1ml 2 ml 2 2 2ml 4 Re 1 i 2 Al ml Fˆ Fˆ Fˆ * 2 ml 1ml 1ll 2 Fˆ1mm Fˆ1ll Fˆ1mm 35 (71) 2 2 ml (72) Here iAl Fˆ1ll Fˆ1ll .
Only the first item is considered when ml and the second one is considered when ml in (13). But up to now we have not decided which one is the state of high-energy level and which one is the state of low-energy level. In fact, electron can either transit into higher-energy state m from low-energy state l by absorbing a photon, Retarded Electromagnetic Interaction and Symmetry Violation of Time Reversal in High Order Stimulated Radiation and Absorption Processes of Lights as Well as Nonlinear Optics ...
Because Hˆ 2 has the same order of magnitude as the second order effects of nonlinear optics, it is remained in the paper. Suppose that electromagnetic wave propagates along k direction. Electric field strength is E E0 sin(t k R) . Here R is a direction vector pointing from wave source to observation point. Both Hˆ 1 and Hˆ 2 can also be written as qE0 i t k R i t k R ˆ e e H1 pˆ 2 q 2 E 2 i t k R i t k R e Hˆ 2 2 20 e 2c k 2 q 2 E02 i 2 t k R i 2 t k R e 2 e 2 2 (4) we can write Hˆ 1 Fˆ1 ei t Fˆ1 e i t in which qE qE Fˆ1 0 e ik R pˆ (5) Fˆ1 0 eik R pˆ 2 2 Because we always have k E0 for electromagnetic wave, we have the commutation relation (6) k R , E0 pˆ ik E0 0 So it can be proved that E0 pˆ and exp(ik R ) are also commutative.
Big Pharma: Exposing the Global Healthcare Agenda by Jacky Law