By Gabriella Gimigliano
This publication presents a serious research of the eu Union’s regulatory framework for cellular funds and bitcoin. Chapters speak about the production of the ecu unmarried marketplace for e-payments and mix criminal research with comparative case experiences of their exploration of the regulatory demanding situations surrounding e-payments. The contributing authors examine the main fiscal and felony problems with the improvement of bitcoin and cellular funds in the ecu framework via a comparative lens. They disguise subject matters starting from person info and cash safeguard and the steadiness of the cost procedure to the competitiveness of the ecu marketplace. supplying a entire and methodological consultant to the bitcoin and cellular funds in Europe, this e-book will end up an illuminating and informative learn for lecturers, scholars and coverage makers with an curiosity within the effect of innovation on money structures.
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Additional info for Bitcoin and Mobile Payments : Constructing a European Union Framework
3). 2 % from the previous year), which undermine the confidence of market participants in payment systems, EBA decided at the end of 2014 to publish the guidelines on internet payments, based on the content of ECB Secure Pay Recommendations, with the implementation date of 1 August 2015. The purpose of the guidelines is to define common minimum requirements for the internet payment services, such as: the execution of card payments on the internet, including virtual card payments; the registration of card payment data for use in ‘wallet solutions’; the execution of credit transfers on the internet; the issuance and amendment of direct debit electronic mandates; transfers of electronic money between two e-money accounts via the internet.
Conclusions In recent years the European payment systems, services and products have been heavily regulated. pdf. On the supply side of the market, there participate four representatives of the banking community, two representatives of payment institutions and one representative of e-money institutions; on the demand side of the market, two representatives of consumers and one representative of each of the following stakeholder categories: (i) retailers with a physical presence, (ii) internet retailers, (iii) businesses/corporates, (iv) small and medium-sized enterprises and (v) national public administrations.
An administrator issues the currency; establishes the rules for its use; maintains a central payment ledger; and has authority to redeem the currency (withdraw it from circulation). e. e. fixed by the administrator at a set value measured in currency or another real-world store of value, such as gold or a basket of currencies. Currently, the vast majority of virtual currency payments transactions involve centralized virtual currencies (examples: Second Life “Linden dollars”; PerfectMoney; WebMoney “WM units”; World of Warcraft gold).
Bitcoin and Mobile Payments : Constructing a European Union Framework by Gabriella Gimigliano